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Stocks vs CFDs: The Key Differences

Investment in stocks has a long-standing reputation for the potential to earn big returns for those who can navigate the ups and downs of the trading markets.

An investment opportunity that is becoming increasingly popular, however, is the use of CFDs (Contract For Difference).

Where purchasing stocks in a business means that you own that stock, a CFD simply matches the value of a stock or commodity without the element of ownership.

If you think a course in trading might benefit you, read The Best Stock Trading Courses.

Key Differences Between CFDs and Stocks

Both stocks and CFDs are viable trading options; however, there are key differences between the two investment opportunities:

What Do You Own?

This is the main difference between CFDs and stocks. When you purchase stocks, such as shares in a business, you own those stocks until you sell them.

With CFDs, there is no element of ownership. What you have instead is a contract with a broker.

The advantage of ownership, in this context, is the related range of shareholder perks and benefits. For example, voting rights or the option to attend shareholder meetings.

Another benefit of stock ownership is the payment of dividends.

If you purchase CFDs concerning company shares, the likelihood is that you will be paid a dividend if you have a CFD in place at the time when dividends are released to shareholders.

However, the conditions surrounding that dividend, such as the amount paid out, will vary from the dividend arrangement for a stockholder.

Financing the Investment

Once an investor in stock has spent their investment pot, they cannot make new purchases without the sale of their existing stocks.

However, a CFD investor has the opportunity to pay a percentage of the stock price and borrow the remaining amount from their broker.

This is known as leverage trading.

For example,

James and Michael each have £10,000 to invest. James uses his £10,000 to buy 19 Tesla shares priced at £502 each, leaving him with £462 unspent.

Michael is also interested in Tesla, but instead of using most of his money in a straightforward stock purchase, he arranges a CFD with a 10% margin.

He invests £954 and borrows the rest of the money from his broker. Michael then has £9,046 remaining to invest elsewhere.

To find out more about Leverage Trading, read What Is Leverage in Forex Trading?

What Can You Invest In?

If you invest in stocks, you are generally limited to purchasing business shares or exchange-traded funds (ETFs). An ETF is a collection of securities that are traded on an exchange.

By contrast, CFDs can be used for a whole host of trading instruments such as business shares, foreign exchange (forex), indices, cryptocurrency, commodities and bonds.

Speed of Cash Settlement

Should you sell all or a portion of your stocks, you can expect to wait at least a couple of days before you receive the cash settlement.

However, when you sell your CFD, or it comes to an end, you will be paid immediately. The benefit to an immediate cash settlement is the speed with which you can reinvest your money or take it as income.

Trading Hours

If you invest in stocks, your trading will be limited to stock exchange hours. This is generally from 8:00 a.m. to 4:00 p.m. Monday to Friday in the UK.

Stock exchanges are closed for trading on a weekend and for bank holidays.

If you invest in CFDs, however, which are open to a wider range of investment instruments (forex, commodities, etc.), you have access to many more markets.

Therefore, you can generally trade for twenty-four hours every day.

Length of Investment

Your decision to invest for a short length of time (be that hours or days) or on a longer basis (stretching from weeks to even years), will inform your choice of stocks or CFD investment.

CFDs can be used for short or long-term investments, but are especially suited to the short term because many of the investment instruments they trade-ins, such as cryptocurrency or forex, are subject to rapid rises and falls in price.

By comparison, stock trading is not suitable for short-term investments because it relies on a buy-and-hold strategy and restrictions linked to actual ownership of stocks which may prevent a quick sale.

The Best Trading Platforms

Let’s take a look at the best trading to earn more.

1. Liteforex

Best for: Learning from others

Liteforex is one of the most popular online reliable brokers over the world. Over the past 15 years, it has developed a strong reputation for beginners and experienced investors alike, has a minimum $100 deposit.

The Liteforex app aims to use easy for every clients. It is available on Google Play and the App Store and allows you to move seamlessly between devices.

It’s innovative features include:

  • Pre-programmed one-click trading
  • Copy Trader – Copy the trades of others in real-time
  • Its own social networking platform
  • Pre provided investment strategies which they call Copy Portfolios

The app boasts the ability to allow you to place online trades even if the trading platform is down.

Visit Liteforex

The information is being presented without consideration of the investment objectives, risk tolerance, or financial circumstances of any specific investor and might not be suitable for all investors.

2. FXTM

The FXTM Platform itself is intuitive and easy to use, suitable for those just getting into trading and those more experienced alike.

It is designed to offer a full replication of an institutional trading environment including depth of market.

With advanced risk management and order functionality, this is a detailed platform for trading stocks.

The FXTM app offers a premium range of order types, with advanced technical analysis tools.

You can set up push and email notifications for the important things that you want to know in relation to your stock trading needs – such as price alerts and trade statistics.

Within the app, you can:

  • Complete a range of order types
  • Work with all your accounts in one app
  • Understand detailed trade analysis
  • Review detailed order tickets – base currency dollar value and pip distance

As a platform, there are comprehensive educational videos and explanations of symbols, so you can find optimized processing for expert advisors and indicators.

Visit FXTM

The information is being presented without consideration of the investment objectives, risk tolerance, or financial circumstances of any specific investor and might not be suitable for all investors.

3. FBS

Best for: CFDs

This app is designed for those wanting to trade outside of the US. It is considered one of the best for CFDs on shares and has a minimum $100 deposit.

There are low trading fees but considerable fees for inactive users.

The educational section is average, as are the research tools. However, the app is easy to use overall.

This app is recommended for those familiar with CFDs and who are actively trading. Reviews of the app show that users like the:

  • Account-opening process
  • Deposit and withdrawal features
  • Customer service
  • Actual trading platform

Visit FBS

The information is being presented without consideration of the investment objectives, risk tolerance, or financial circumstances of any specific investor and might not be suitable for all investors.

Tax Liability

In terms of taxation, stocks and CFDs are considered two different things by the HMRC.

Stocks are an asset, while CFDs are simply an agreement because of the lack of ownership. Nevertheless, both carry a tax liability.

Stocks

Stocks are taxed in several ways:
  • Capital gains tax
  • Stamp duty
  • Dividend tax, if appropriate
Where the profit you make from selling stocks is greater than the capital gains tax-free allowance, £12,300 in 2021/22, you will be liable to pay capital gains tax on the portion of your profit over the allowance.

The calculation of the amount you pay, however, can be complicated by the rate of income tax you would normally pay.

As a basic rate income taxpayer, the amount you pay will depend on how much income you earn, your income tax allowance, and what profit you made from the sale of your stocks.

For example, Taxable income (income less personal income tax allowance) – £10,000.

Taxable gains (income from the sale of stocks with fewer expenses) – £15,000.

Deduct the capital gains tax-free allowance from your taxable gains – £2,700.

Add this to your taxable income – £12,700.

If the resulting amount is within the basic income tax band, £37,700 in 2021/22, 10% will be paid on your gains, and if it is above, you will pay 20%. In this instance, the amount is within the tax band, and the tax liability is, therefore, £127 (10%).

If you are a higher rate income taxpayer, you will pay 20% capital gains tax on your taxable gains.

Stamp duty generally comes into effect if you buy shares at a rate of 0.5%.

Should you receive dividend payments, these will be added to your income.

There is a dividend tax-free allowance of £2,000 (2021/22). Should your dividend earnings be more than £2,000, the percentage you are charged will depend on your income tax band:
  • Basic tax band rate – 7.5%
  • Higher tax band rate – 32.5%
  • Additional tax band rate – 38.1%

CFDs

CFDs are generally taxed in the same way as stocks, except stamp duty. As the CFD is not an asset and, therefore, no transfer of ownership has taken place, stamp duty does not apply.

CFDs are subject to capital gains tax and, where appropriate, dividend tax.

Taxation Example One:

Jane’s taxable income is £7,000. She sells the stock and makes a profit of £19,000. In the current tax year, she also received dividend payments of £1,995.

Once the capital gains tax-free allowance has been deducted from her taxable gains, the remaining amount is £6,700. When added to her taxable income, this results in an amount of £13,700.

As this amount is within the basic income tax band, 10% is applied. Her capital gains tax liability is £137. Her normal tax rate will also be applied to her taxable income.

There is no tax liability on her dividend payments because they are within the dividend tax allowance.

Taxation Example Two:

Marie invests via CFDs. Her taxable income is £10,000. Trading CFDs, she makes a profit of another £10,000. She receives no dividends.

The amount of her CFD earnings is lower than the capital gains tax-free allowance and results in zero capital gains tax liability. However, her normal tax rate is applied to her taxable income.

Which Is the Best for You?

There is no straightforward answer to this question. It will depend on your personal needs.

Factors to consider include:
  • Do you actively want to own shares in a business and enjoy the privileges that bring, such as voting powers and dividend payments? In which case, investing in stocks is the path for you.
  • Are you more, or at least equally interested in being involved with a particular business over making a profit? If yes, then stock trading is your best choice.
  • CFDs are your best bet if you want to invest in instruments not available to stock traders, such as commodities or cryptocurrency.
  • Do you want to make a short-term investment, selling after a couple of days? Again, CFDs are your best choice.
  • How much money do you have to invest? Using leverage trading, CFDs may give you access to the same opportunities as buying stock but for a smaller initial outlay of money.
  • Do you want to trade at any time, or are you happy to trade within stock exchange trading hours only?

CFDs vs Stocks: Advantages and Disadvantages

If you are still unsure which type of investment will suit your needs, maybe you should consider the benefits and downfalls of each option:

CFDs

Advantages:
  • The option to use leverage investing so you can spread your investment pot
  • Can be used for both short and long-term investments
  • Opens up a wider range of investment instruments than stock trading
Disadvantages:
  • Higher risk of losing money
  • Leverage investment is complicated and can prove difficult for a beginner

Stocks

Advantages:
  • The benefits that accompany stock ownership
  • You own the stocks
  • The chance to be involved with a particular company or trend
Disadvantages:
  • Only able to trade when the stock markets are open
  • Not suitable for short term investment
Final Thoughts

Entering the forex market requires a steep learning curve that can be daunting. Most of this information is, however, available online and for free.

Some brokers and providers will charge for the curation and delivery of their course content. These courses may be a great time saver but, if you don’t wish to invest early on, similar information can be found through targeted research.

Whether or not you intend to invest money into your forex education, you must invest your time.

Before beginning to trade with your money, it is prudent to gain enough background knowledge to be able to speak confidently about technical aspects such as spreads, ratios and forex charts.

It is also crucial to take the time to gain practical experience in a safe environment, through practising with a demo account before setting up a live forex account.

A solid forex education will ensure you begin your trading career – whether it is amateur or professional – with knowledge of the tools and skills needed for the best possible chance at success.

Myanfx-edu does not provide tax, investment or financial services and advice. The information is being presented without consideration of the investment objectives, risk tolerance, or financial circumstances of any specific investor and might not be suitable for all investors.

Financial Trading is not suitable for all investors & involved Risky. If you through with this link and trade we may earn some commission.

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